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Sabotage, Espionage, Subversion

Exploring the Evolving Nature of Cyber Attacks

1st part of our digital dicussion series "Cyberwarfare - Cyberpeacebuilding: On a Search for a Cooperative Security Architecture Cyberspace"



In recent years, the digital realm has become more violent. There is a constant stream of media reports about detected cyber-attacks and unveiled disinformation campaigns. Due to the COVID-19 pandemic, the digitalization of nearly all areas of life has worldwide taken a big leap forward. Consequently, the future potentials for malicious manipulations of information and communication technology (ICT) have further grown during the recent year. A closer look at this general trend reveals, however, a diffuse situation. The nature of cyber conflicts appears to be composed of a wide range of varying offensive cyber activities ranging from cyber sabotage, over digital subversion to ICT-based espionage. This complexity combined with the clandestine character of cyberattacks makes it difficult to gain a clear picture of the current situation. Against this background, it is the purpose of this session to elaborate on the current and future trends of cyberattacks.


Here is the link to the SURVEY which we conducted for the first session:




Mittwoch, 28.04.2021
16:00 Uhr
Sabotage, Espionage, Subversion - Exploring the Evolving Nature of Cyber Attacks

Sven HERPIG, Director, International Cybersecurity Policy, Stiftung Neue Verantwortung (SNV), Berlin

Robert KOCH, Commander, Scientists, and General Staff Officer, German Federal Armed Forces, Federal Ministry of Defence, Berlin

Eneken TIKK, Cyber Policy Institute (CPI) and Senior Research at the Institute of Software Science at Tallinn University of Technology, Jyyäskylä/Tallin

17:45 Uhr
End of Discussion


Dr. Sven Herpig
is project director for international cyber security policy. Sven’s current focal areas include the attack surface of machine learning with regards to national security, geopolitical responses to cyber operations, government hacking and vulnerability management. Sven served as subject matter expert in the German parliament's committee hearings on IT security, military cyber and information space and digital sovereignty and for the European Union study on Legal Frameworks for Hacking by Law Enforcement. He presented his work inter alia at the US Congressional Cybersecurity Caucus, the European Parliament, the German parliament and the United Nations Interregional Crime and Justice Research Institute. Sven regularly appears in German and international media. Before Sven joined the Stiftung Neue Verantwortung, he was working with Germany's federal government for several years. First, we worked with the IT security staff at the Federal Foreign Office. He then became deputy of the cyber security and society unit at the Federal Office for Information Security. His PhD analyzed the strategic implications of cyber security and cyber operations for the state. Sven is a Visiting Research Fellow for Cybersecurity and Emerging Technologies at the University of Hull. He is also member of the ad-hoc working group artificial intelligence and cybersecurity of the European Union Agency for Cybersecurity (ENISA).
Commander Dr. Dr. (rer. nat.) Robert Koch
is a General Staff Officer of the Federal Armed Forces. He joined the Navy in 1998 and after his officer training studied computer science at the Universität der Bundeswehr. After operational and technical training, he served as a Weapon Engineering Officer onboard of German frigates. After the National General/Admiral Staff Officer Course at the Bundeswehr Command and Staff College, Robert had assignments as Action Officer Cyber at the Bundeswehr Communication and Information Systems Command and Head of Department Penetration Testing at the Bundeswehr Cyber-Security Center. Currently, Robert is Desk Officer Cyber Policy at the Federal Ministry of Defense. Robert holds a Diploma in Computer Science and a Master in Military Leadership and International Security; he received his PhD in 2011, his habilitation in 2017 and his Venia Legendi in 2018. Now, he is lecturer in Computer Science at the Universität der Bundeswehr and the University of Bonn with course offerings ranging from introductory Cybersecurity for non-technical people to in-depth technical IT security topics. At the Fraunhofer Institute for Communication, Information Processing and Ergonomics (FKIE), his main areas of research are attack and tamper detection, anonymity in cyberspace, and conducting and optimizing security analysis.
Dr. (jur.) Eneken Tikk
is Executive Producer of the Cyber Policy Institute (CPI) in Finland and associate researcher at the Erik Castrén Institute (ECI) of International Law and Human Rights at the University of Helsinki. She began her career as a lawyer with interest in ICTs and public international law and participated in developing Estonian data protection, public e-services and cybersecurity legislation. Dr Tikk was member of the team that started the NATO CCD COE, where she established and led the legal and policy branch. During her term as Senior Fellow for Cyber Security at the International Institute for Strategic Studies (IISS, 2012-2016) in Bahrain, Eneken published the Strategic Dossier on the Evolution of the Cyber Domain. She was part of the Estonian delegation in the UN GGE (2012-2013, 2014-2015 and 2016-2017), advising the Estonian experts on international law, international cyber policy and cyber diplomacy. Eneken is co-editor of the Routledge Handbook on International Cybersecurity (2020). She currently leads the Cyber Conflict Portal project at CPI and the 1nternat10nal Law project at ECI, with particular focus on the role of international law in cyber conflict prevention.