With the following button you will be redirected to Google Translate:

to Google Translate

Make Cyber Norms Work

How to Increase Awareness, Augment Adherence, and Bolster Implementation with the Emerging Normative Standards in Cyberspace

4th part of our digital dicussion series "Cyberwarfare - Cyberpeacebuilding: On a Search for a Cooperative Security Architecture Cyberspace"



In December 2015, the UN General Assembly adopted the Report of the Governmental Experts on cyber norms, rules, principles, and confidence-building measures and thereby established an internationally agreed framework that would make the digital realm more stable, secure, and peaceful. In addition, a consensus was reached that international law applies also to cyberspace – a bone of contention during previous years. Since then, the ecosystem of cyber norms has further grown and have led to more UN groups, expert commissions, industry coalitions, and multistakeholder collectives – for example, the UNGGE, the OEWG, the Paris Call, the Tech Accord, the Charter of Trust, the GCSC, or the Joint Statement on Advancing Responsible State Behavior in Cyberspace. All these different fora and formats have contributed to the emergence of a normative standard of appropriate behavior for states and/or non-state actors in cyberspace. There is certainly room for improvement of the cyber norms that were developed so far. The major challenges, however, lie in improving the actual impact of this emerging normative standard on real-world behavioral patterns in cyberspace. The purpose of this session is to review and deliberate ways and means through which the emerging framework on responsible cyber behavior could exert influence in the future.



Mittwoch, 12.05.2021
16:00 Uhr
Make Cyber Norms Work: How to Increase Awareness, Augment Adherence, and Bolster Implementation with the Emerging Normative Standards in Cyberspace

Mischa HANSEL, Head, International Cybersecurity (ICS), Institute for Peace Research and Security at the University of Hamburg (IFSH), Hamburg

John HERING, Senior Government Affairs Manager of Digital Diplomacy at Microsoft, Seattle

Alexander KLIMBURG, Director, Cyber Policy and Resilience Program at Hague Center for Strategic Studies and Director of the GCSC Initiative (Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace), The Hague

Kerstin VIGNARD, Head, Support Team to UN General Assembly, UNIDIR (United Nations Institute for Disarmament Research), Geneva

17:45 Uhr
End of Discussion


Mischa Hansel
Mischa Hansel leads IFSH’s research on "International Cybersecurity" (ICS) since February 2021. Previously, he spent several years outside academia, as a program and media officer at the Development and Peace Foundation (sef:) and at the German Aerospace Center (DLR). Between 2013 and 2018, he worked as postdoctoral researcher and lecturer in International Relations at RWTH Aachen University and the University of Giessen respectively. Mischa Hansel studied political science, history, and German language and literature at the University of Cologne, where he completed his PhD with a thesis on conflict and cooperation in the field of international cybersecurity. He also worked as a visiting fellow at George Washington University, the European Space Policy Institute in Vienna, the Vrije Universiteit Amsterdam, and Leiden University.
John Hering
is a Senior Government Affairs Manager of Digital Diplomacy Microsoft. He analyzes the global cybersecurity landscape, drives engagement with regional government teams and contributes to Microsoft’s efforts to promote peace and security in cyberspace through various multi-stakeholder initiatives. He leverages experiences working in and across the U.S. Government to support Microsoft teams as well as policymakers to improve cybersecurity strategies and policies. Prior to joining Microsoft, John served as a political appointee during the Obama administration at the Department of Defense, in the Office of the Secretary of Defense for Policy. He has also previously led humanitarian aid research in northeast Nigeria and worked as a math and science teacher through Teach For America. John holds a bachelor’s degree in Political Science from Boston College and a Master of Arts in Law and Diplomacy from The Fletcher School of Law and Diplomacy.
Dr. Alexander Klimburg
is currently the Director of the Cyber Policy and Resilience Program at The Hague Centre for Strategic Studies and the Director of the Global Commission on the Stability of Cyberspace Initiative and Secretariat. He is also a Senior Associate at the Center for Strategic and International Studies and an Associate Fellow at the Austrian Institute of European and Security Policy. Dr. Klimburg has researched and advised on numerous policy topics within the wider field of international cybersecurity since 2007. He has given testimony and acted as an adviser to a number of governments and international organizations on national cybersecurity strategies, international norms of behavior in cyberspace and cyber-conflict (including war, cyber-crime, and cyber-espionage), critical infrastructure protection, and Internet governance. He has participated in international and intergovernmental discussions inter alia within the UN, EU, OSCE, and G20. He has been a member of various national, international, NATO, and EU policy and working groups as well as advisory boards, has given dozens of invited talks and regularly participates and organizes track 1.5 diplomatic initiatives as well as information security research groups. He is author and editor of numerous books, research papers, and commentaries and has often been featured in the international media, including BBC, Washington Post, Wall Street Journal, and others. His most recent book The Darkening Web: The War for Cyberspace was published by Penguin Press and called "a prescient and important book" in the New York Review of Books. Previously he held appointments as a Fellow and Associate of Harvard University Kennedy School Belfer Center and an Affiliate of the Berkman Klein Center, as well as a nonresident Senior Fellow with the Atlantic Council. He is a graduate of the School of Oriental and African Studies and the London School of Economics (both University of London) as well as the University of Vienna.
Kerstin Vignard
Kerstin Vignard is an international security policy professional with over 25 years’ experience at the United Nations, with a particular interest in the nexus of international security policy and technology. Vignard is currently on temporary assignment leading UNIDIR’s team supporting the Chairmen of the latest Group of Governmental Experts (GGEs) on Cyber Security and the Open-Ended Working Group. She has led UNIDIR’s team supporting four previous cyber GGEs. Prior to this assignment, Vignard was Deputy to the Director at UNIDIR. From 2013 to 2018, she led UNIDIR’s work on the weaponization of increasingly autonomous technologies, including serving as co-Principal Investigator of a CIFAR AI & Society grant examining potential regulatory approaches for security and defence applications of AI.